Bacteria and microorganisms are invisible organisms. They can cause diseases and are potentially fatal to humans. Additionally, they can negatively affect our food and plants. Bacteria and certain microorganisms in textile products can cause decay and degradation.
With the discovery of the microscope and other scientific developments, humans have begun to discover bacteria, viruses and the living beings of the micro realm. Since then, scientists have fought against bacteria and organisms, as they can cause disease, spoil our food and cause our clothes to deteriorate.
Egyptians protected the fabrics they use during the mummification process with inorganic salts and spices. Later, during World War II, the use of antimony salts, copper and beeswax as antibacterial materials became common.